BVHS Weekend Column: Colon Cancer Screening Methods

There are multiple ways to screen for colorectal cancer…..

Colon Cancer Screening Methods by Brianne Hottinger, RN, Oncology Nurse Navigator, The Armes Family Cancer Care Center
Brianne Hottinger, RN, Oncology Nurse Navigator


Colon cancer is the third most common cancer in men and women in the United States. According to the American Cancer Society, it is estimated there will be over 101,420 new cases of colon cancer and 44,180 new cases of rectal cancer in 2019. The overall lifetime risk for development of colon cancer is about 1 in 22 for men and 1 in 24 for women.

The good news, however, is that the death rate from colorectal cancer has been dropping in recent years largely in part by proper screening. The American Cancer Society recommends screening begins at age 45 and ends at the age of 75 unless encouraged by a physician to extend screening.

There are multiple ways to screen for colorectal cancer. The most efficient screening practice is the colonoscopy. If you choose any other form of screening test and the result is abnormal, it should be followed up with a colonoscopy. Screening measures can be divided into two groups: stool-based tests and visual exams.

Stool-based tests check the stool for signs of cancer. They are less invasive and need to be completed more often than the colonoscopy. The first type of stool-based test is the fecal immunochemical test (FIT). This test can be done in the privacy of your own home and requires a small amount of stool to be collected. There are no dietary restrictions before the test, and collecting the sample can be done quickly and easily. If the FIT kit is positive, meaning that blood is detected in the stool, the patient will be referred for a colonoscopy to look visually for cancer in the colon and rectum.

Another stool-based test is the guaiac-based fecal occult blood test (gFOBT). This test is similar to the FIT in that it looks for blood in the stool. This test can also be completed at home with collected stool, and it allows you to collect more than one sample. As with the FIT kit, if the results are positive, the patient will require a colonoscopy. The gFOBT does have drug and food restrictions that the FIT does not.

Finally, there is a stool DNA test. This test looks for abnormal DNA from cancer or polyp cells. Colorectal cancer often has DNA mutations, and this test will look for those cell changes in the stool. This type of test should be done every three years but will also require a colonoscopy if DNA changes are found in the sample.

The second group of screenings are visual exams, which include CT colography, flexible sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy. A CT colography takes pictures of the colon and rectum to look for polyps and cancer. Although less invasive, if a polyp or cancer is seen, a colonoscopy will follow to remove it or further screen.

The flexible sigmoidoscopy looks at the entire rectum, but less than half of the colon. This test is not used often due to the reduced amount of colon visualized. Some polyps and cancer may be further along in the colon and will not be detected with this type of visual screening.

Finally, the gold standard of colorectal screening is the colonoscopy. A physician uses a colonoscope to visualize the entire length of the colon and rectum. There is a bowel prep and likely a diet that will need to be followed in the days leading up to the exam. During the colonoscopy, polyps can be removed, and samples can be sent to pathology for diagnosis. If the colonoscopy is clear and there are no abnormal findings, the test will not need to be repeated for 10 years.  

For further information on colorectal cancer screenings, speak with your primary care physician about guidelines and the type of screening that is best for you.

The Danger of Attacks on the Electoral College

Well rounded and diverse reading resources can enlighten you…

Trent England
Director, Save Our States

Trent EnglandTrent England is executive vice president and the David and Ann Brown Distinguished Fellow at the Oklahoma Council of Public Affairs, where he also directs the Save Our States project. He earned his B.A. in government from Claremont McKenna College and his J.D. from the George Mason University School of Law. He previously served as executive vice president of the Freedom Foundation and as a legal policy analyst at the Heritage Foundation. He hosts the podcast, The Trent England Show, and has written for numerous publications, including The Wall Street JournalChristian Science Monitor, and The Washington Times. He is a contributor to The Heritage Guide to the Constitution.

The following is adapted from a speech delivered on April 30, 2019, at Hillsdale College’s Allan P. Kirby, Jr. Center for Constitutional Studies and Citizenship in Washington, D.C.

 Once upon a time, the Electoral College was not controversial. During the debates over ratifying the Constitution, Anti-Federalist opponents of ratification barely mentioned it. But by the mid-twentieth century, opponents of the Electoral College nearly convinced Congress to propose an amendment to scrap it. And today, more than a dozen states have joined in an attempt to hijack the Electoral College as a way to force a national popular vote for president. . . .continue reading

Continue Reading

History Deficit Frightening

…disturbing is the apathy among our kids regarding civics and history

America’s history deficit is worrisome, says AMAC
Particularly disturbing is the apathy among our kids regarding civics and history
WASHINGTON, DC, June 7 — There are those who dismiss George Santayana’s claim that “those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.” Among them was the late American author Kurt Vonnegut who is quoted as saying “we’re doomed to repeat the past no matter what.”
“Whatever the position on the need to know our nation’s history, the fact remains that a knowledge of how the U.S. came to be and the stories of those individuals who made it happen are essential if our children are to grow up to be reliably industrious citizens. But the sad news is that too few of today’s schoolchildren take an interest in the lessons of history. And now there is evidence that their big brothers and sisters are apathetic, at best, about our past,” according to Dan Weber, president of the Association of Mature American Citizens [AMAC].
Weber cites a recent Wall Street Journal article about the dramatic decline in the numbers of visitors to Civil War battlefield sites as reported by the National Park Service. The story noted that in 1970 more than ten million sightseers made trips to the top five sites compared with just 3.1 million last year– a drop of some 70%. “A lack of interest by younger generations” was cited by the Journal for the extreme drop in attendance. 
John Daniel Davidson at The Federalist says it goes beyond indifference. In an article published in the online magazine he wrote: “it’s not just that young people are not taught to respect history.  They are often not taught history at all.  To the extent they are, they are told that American history is a parade of horribles: slavery, genocide, bigotry, greed—a story above all of injustice and oppression, perpetrated by the powerful against the weak.”
In an interview last fall with the Daily Signal, Education Secretary Betsy DeVos recalled a visit to a classroom “where one of the teachers was wearing a shirt that said, ‘Find Your Truth,’ suggesting that, of course, truth is a very fungible and mutable thing instead of focusing on the fact that there is objective truth and part of learning is actually pursuing that truth. So roll it back, there is a very important need for students to know the foundations of our country and the ideas around which our country was formed. And to then have the ability to discuss and debate those ideas freely on their K-12 campuses and on their higher ed campuses.”
Weber underscored the fact that The Declaration of Independence is real and so is the U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights. “They attest to the unselfish or non-biased elements of the birth of our nation. So too are America’s heroic individuals real, historic heroes such as our Founding Fathers and Abraham Lincoln. And, it cannot be denied that our unique form of government, our democratic republic, has proven to be as fair as any government that ever existed.”
So, Weber says, it is sad to learn that just 26% of Americans can name the three branches of government– the executive, legislative and judicial branches. A surveyconducted by the Annenberg Public Policy Center also found that 30% of the participants couldn’t even identify one of the branches of government.
Kathleen Hall Jamieson, director of the Center for American Progress, commented on the Annenberg poll. Her reaction was that “those unfamiliar with our three branches of government can’t understand the importance of checks and balances and an independent judiciary. Lack of basic civics knowledge is worrisome and an argument for an increased focus on civics education in the schools.”

NB Fire Report May 2019

Fire Department Monthly Calls for Aid Report

North Baltimore Volunteer Fire Department Monthly Calls for Aid Report to Village Council.

Chief Ted “Hunker” Francisco II

May 2019

Total Monthly Calls 11 for Aid

2019 Yearly Total – 74

Response to:CountComments
Great Scot12Fire Alarm
Main St13Assist EMS
Oil Center10MVA
Cygnet Rd7MVA
Liberty Hi Rd8MVA
Tiger Dr10Fire Alarm
CSP5Fire Alarm
Cygnet Rd22MVA
Tiger Dr7Fire Alarm
E Broadway St6Power line down
Tarr St7MVA
Active  MemberTraining Level
Ted Francisco IIFFChief
John StewartFFAsst Chief
Harley CaldwellFFAsst Chief
Jim StewartFF/MFRCaptian
Joe StewartFFLT
Troy GreenoFFLT
Matt MatthesFF/MFRSec
Will Matthes     FF/EMTTreas
Andy Allison     FF/MFR     
Matt Archer     FF     
Adam Bateson     FF     
Cory Bateson     FF/EMT     
Bryant Matthes     FF     
Rob Buchanan     FF     
Mike Deibert     FF/Paramedic     
Tim Engard     FF     
Chris Gerdeman     FF/MFR     
Hank Matthes     FF     
Wade Ishmael     FF     
Kyle Jordan     FFEngineer
Rick Lonsway     FF
Greg Mills     FF     
Hank Matthes III     FF     
Chad Wright                         
Trenton Strickland     


Greg Rockhill     FF     
Ryan Cook     FF/EMT I     
Chase Nichols     FF     
Zach StewartFF
Tyler TrumbullFF
Pat WoodruffFF
Taylor Bishop                   

Reserve Members:
Dave King
Mike Hosler
Ron Stewart
Ron Meggitt
Mike Clark
Jeremy Ray
Skip Baltz

Lutheran Worship News

Pastor Ralph Mineo’s sermon is “God’s Language”…..

June 9 is Pentecost Sunday. Pastor Ralph Mineo will offer a message titled “God’s Language” based on Acts 2:1-21. 

Sunday School for all ages begins at 9:00 a.m. Worship is at 10:15 a.m.

All are invited to wear something red as we celebrate

Pentecost – the coming of the Holy Spirit.

See you Sunday!

5 Ways Pets can Improve Mental Health

Learn more about the benefits of four-legged friends and how pet owners can help them in return….

(Family Features) Pet ownership can have a positive effect on people, including those who may be struggling with mental health. From minimizing loneliness and stress to aiding in social situations, pets can truly go above and beyond for their human companions.

“Millions of people are affected by mental health disorders across the U.S., so when a doctor recommends a life with a pet, he or she is truly writing a prescription for a happier, healthier life,” said Jam Stewart, vice president of corporate affairs at Mars Petcare. “We created the BETTER CITIES FOR PETS™ program, which highlights the importance of human-animal interaction and how pet-friendly spaces can help ensure people and their pets can live their best lives together.”

Consider these mental health benefits that pet ownership can bring, according to the WALTHAM™ Centre for Pet Nutrition, and visit to learn more about the benefits of four-legged friends and how pet owners can help them in return.

  1. Combat Loneliness – Loneliness can take many forms, whether it’s caused by increasingly demanding careers or the heightened impact of social media, and surveys suggest that for those who are able, getting a pet can help. More than half of pet owners said getting a pet gave them a new sense of purpose. Preparing to tackle the day ahead can be easier with your furry friend at your side.

  1. Make Larger Social Circles – Pets can help create social bonds between people. Pet owners tend to make more friends in their communities than non-pet owners, because pets increase friendliness, helpfulness and trust. Whether it’s on a walk around the block or in an active dog park, furry friends are often up for meeting someone new, which provides a way to break down social barriers and increase your circle of pet-loving friends.

  1. Help with Stress Management – It’s been shown that people with pets may be better able to deal with stress. Not only do pets provide greater self-esteem, enhanced social skills and an increased sense of empathy, pets can be beneficial in a wide range of therapeutic and institutional settings in animal-assisted therapy.


  1. Feel Safer – Not only do people who walk their dogs get more physical activity on average than their non-dog walker counterparts, they also feel safer in their neighborhoods. Bringing your fur pal on a walk is akin to the “buddy system” and can help you feel more secure in your surroundings. 

Photos courtesy of Fotolia

  1. Learn Valuable Lessons – Taking care of dogs and cats prepares people for increased responsibilities as they get older. From childhood through adulthood, pets can provide life lessons like the importance of respecting boundaries and enjoying life’s big and small moments.

Mars Petcare