Amy L. Boyer, 49, NB

… passed away on Tuesday, December 1, 2020

Amy L. Boyer, 49, of North Baltimore, passed away on Tuesday, December 1, 2020, at her residence. 

She was born on February 7, 1971, in Bowling Green to the late Ronald and Janet (Gleim) Rader.

She married Michael Boyer on September 12, 1992, and he survives. Amy is also survived by her son, Garrett (Rachel Peters) Boyer of North Baltimore; daughter, Bailey Boyer of North Baltimore; brother, Christopher Rader of Ottawa.

Amy was employed at Integrity Chiropractic & Wellness in Findlay.

A funeral service will be held at 11:00 a.m., Tuesday, December 8, 2020, at SMITH-CRATES FUNERAL HOME, North Baltimore.

Burial will be in New Maplewood Cemetery, North Baltimore. Visitation will be held from 2:00-4:00 and 6:00-8:00 p.m., Monday at SMITH-CRATES FUNERAL HOME.

Memorial contributions may be made to a charity of the donor’s choice. Online condolences may be expressed at





AT THE December 1,  2020 MEETING

 This is a summary of legislation passed by the Council of the Village of North Baltimore on the _1__ day of December   2020, as the full text of the legislation may be viewed at the office of the Clerk of the Village of North Baltimore.  Copies of the full text of said legislation may be purchased at the Office of the Clerk at $ .25 per page.



I, Kathi R. Bucher, Clerk of the Village of North Baltimore, Ohio hereby certify that the foregoing is a true and correct copy of Ordinances/Resolution passed by Council on December 1   2020 approved by the Mayor on December 1, 2020, and which was duly published according to the law on the NBXpress on the following dates: December, 2020


Attention Wood County Dog Owners

A registration fee of $14.00 must be paid with the application for each dog……

Time to renew all dog registrations for 2021:

Notice to Wood County Dog Owners
Please do not send cash (You can right ‘click” on this image to make a copy of this form. After you hit “copy” then open a new word document or google document, and place your cursor on the page and hit “paste”. After the form pastes onto this page, hit “print”)

Navigating the NICU

What to expect when your newborn needs special care…….

(Family Features) If you have a baby who is born too early or has serious health problems, he or she may be admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), a hospital unit that provides around-the-clock specialized care to newborns.

 Photos courtesy of Getty Images

The NICU can be an overwhelming place with lots of machines, hospital staff and medical terms. If you or someone close to you is pregnant, understanding what to expect if a NICU stay is required can help you focus less on the surroundings and uncertainty and more on taking care of the new baby and yourself.

Learn the ins and outs of the NICU with information from March of Dimes, the nation’s leading nonprofit that advocates for the health of all moms and babies, which partners with hospitals across the country through its NICU Family Support® program to provide in-person and online support for families with babies in the NICU.

Common NICU Conditions

Babies born too early and other sick newborns may face a variety of medical issues. Among common causes for a NICU stay may include preterm birth, complications during labor and delivery, birth defects, genetic conditions or other illnesses.

Tests to Expect in the NICU

Your baby may have tests and monitoring done in the NICU to determine health conditions and treatments for him or her to grow and be healthy. Some tests, like blood tests, are common. Others are just for babies with certain health conditions. Depending on his or her condition, your baby might need scans or imaging to find out what’s happening, like a CT scan, echocardiogram, MRI, ultrasound or X-ray. You can also expect various screenings for vision and hearing, and monitoring for things like weight changes and urine tests, which can tell health care providers about your baby’s overall condition.

Coping with Stress in the NICU

When your baby is in the NICU, it may be hard to think about taking care of yourself. However, taking care of yourself can help you stay well and have more energy to spend time with your baby.

  • Stick to a daily routine. Every day, take a shower, eat regular meals, drink plenty of water and get a good night’s sleep. As part of your routine, decide when you want to be with your baby in the NICU. Schedule breaks from the NICU. It’s OK to make time for yourself and the rest of your family.
  • Follow COVID-19 protocols while connecting with other NICU families at NICU classes, in the family lounge or in the NICU hallways. They may understand what you’re experiencing and be able to offer guidance. You can find a supportive online environment that provides advice and resources, and allows you to connect with communities of other NICU families that have had similar experiences, at
  • You may experience many emotions when your baby’s in the NICU. Talking to a counselor may help you sort through your feelings. This may be someone from the NICU staff, a social worker or your religious or spiritual leader. Sometimes it’s helpful to talk to someone trained to help you work through stress and navigate challenges like going back to work, the baby blues or postpartum depression.

Paying for Your Baby’s NICU Stay

Health insurance helps pay for medical care. You may get health insurance from your employer, from the government or buy it on your own. If your insurance doesn’t cover all the health care costs for your baby, ask the NICU social worker or case manager about your options. A social worker can assist you with finding resources and services to help care for your baby. You can also meet with the hospital’s finance department about setting up a payment plan. A case manager may also oversee a baby’s discharge from the hospital and help set up home care services and supplies, if needed.

Learn more about the NICU and find articles and resources for your family at

Answers at Your Fingertips

Having a newborn in the NICU can be overwhelming. You’re likely to have lots of questions and need access to tools that help you through the NICU stay. You can learn about NICU staff, policies, equipment and terminology on your own schedule with the March of Dimes My NICU Baby App, which provide answers, tools and support so you can focus on your baby during what is often a difficult time.

The app (available for iOS and Android devices) was developed to help parents cope with a baby’s early birth, complications like birth defects and other issues that may lead to a NICU stay. It includes features like tracking breastfeeding sessions, breast pumping and kangaroo care time, taking photos and connecting with other families with similar experiences.

Life After the NICU

It can be hard to get used to being at home with your baby after a stay in the NICU. These tips can help you adjust to life at home with your baby:

  • When you have questions about your baby or your baby’s care, call your child’s pediatrician.
  • Take your baby to all his or her well-child visits. These are medical checkups where your baby’s health care provider checks his or her health and development to make sure things are going well.
  • Ask family members, friends and neighbors for help at home. Tell them exactly what you need them to do. For example, tell them if you need help with the laundry, running errands or taking care of your other children.
  • Take extra steps to keep your baby healthy while he or she is building an immune system, especially during cold and flu season. Limit the number of visitors and only welcome those who are healthy. Ask visitors to wash their hands before touching the baby. Do not allow smoking near your child.

March of Dimes

Ways To Boost Your Business’s Curb Appeal

Here are a few ways to boost your business’s curb appeal…..

Although the COVID-19 situation has hindered the normal operations of many businesses, you can look to the future and think about how you can improve the image of your workplace. Stores and offices alike can benefit from attractive outside appearances, which can attract customers and clients as well as communicate professionalism. These are some ways to boost your business’s curb appeal.

Use Clear Signage

Signs let people know what your business’s name is and give them an idea of what goods or services you provide. More than this, though, they present you with an opportunity to set the tone for your business. If your primary goal is to catch a viewer’s eye, you can incorporate bright colors and lighting in the sign. Vibrant images or logos can enhance this effect. Alternatively, you could make your sign more understated, serious, or elegant to reflect the business’s atmosphere. In any case, the words you include on it should be easily legible, even at a distance.

Pay Attention to Vegetation

An unkempt space with overgrown, dead, or sparse plants can make your business seem less inviting. In a professional setting, it also exudes an air of irresponsibility. This is why a way to boost your business’s curb appeal is to pay attention to vegetation. This isn’t applicable to all workplaces, since you may only have sidewalks and paving around your building, but if you do have open space, you must take good care of it. Trim the lawn, prune shrubs and trees, and make sure all the plants receive enough water to thrive. You may also want to add certain plants because they have beautiful flowers. These will serve as ornaments to your main building.

Build an Attractive Fence

Another component of landscaping that will improve your business’s looks is fencing. A fence can give your grounds greater security from intruders. This can in turn make your customers or visitors feel more at ease when they enter your building. Furthermore, fencing can be decorative and enhance your building’s architecture. Again, this will enhance your business’s image. You can hire a fencing company to help you make the best choice on style and to carry out the installation itself. Before settling on a particular type of fence, you should also know about the factors that affect fencing costs so that you have a clearer idea of what to expect in terms of budget.

Kid-Friendly Recipes for At-Home Learning

Try starting the day with this Chocolate Banana Cinnamon Toast recipe…..

(Family Features) During a school year that’s sure to be a crazy new experience for students and parents alike, many of the everyday necessities, like eating breakfast and lunch, remain. However, this year, many little learners will be enjoying their lunches from the comfort and safety of home rather than at school, meaning moms and dads are back in charge of keeping the kitchen running throughout the day.

According to a survey conducted by OnePoll in conjunction with Sabra, 74% of caregivers expect this school year to be more chaotic than ever and 64% of moms and dads complain they are dreading becoming the “lunch lady” at home.

You can improve those school day blues with quick, kid-friendly recipes that refuel children for their educational explorations. By providing a steady stream of balanced meals and snacks made with wholesome ingredients, you can feel good about boosting your at-home students’ learning capabilities even during these tricky times.

In the morning, try starting with this Chocolate Banana Cinnamon Toast recipe from Tabitha Brown, the actress and vegan foodie known as “America’s Mom.” Sliced banana powers this breakfast with the rich, decadent taste of Sabra Dark Chocolate Dessert Dip & Spread to thrill chocolate lovers for a combination of flavors kids love.

For a lunchtime solution with easy prep and quick cleanup, a Hummus Flatbread Pizza takes just 10-15 minutes to make. Made with easy-to-find ingredients you can keep on-hand like pizza sauce and hummus, simply top with sweet favorites like pineapple for a fun boost for long days of learning.

To find more at-home recipe inspiration, visit


Hummus Flatbread Pizza

Recipe courtesy of Tabitha Brown
Prep time: 10-15 minutes
Yield: 1 flatbread

  • 4          teaspoons pizza sauce
  • 1          rectangular flatbread
  • 3          tablespoons Sabra Classic Hummus
  • 1/2       teaspoon garlic powder, divided
  • 1/3       cup pineapple tidbits or fresh pineapple pieces
  • strawberries
  • chopped romaine lettuce
  • English cucumber slices
  1. Preheat oven to 500 F.
  2. Brush pizza sauce to edges of flatbread. Swirl to spread hummus to edges of flatbread. Sprinkle 1/4 teaspoon garlic powder over flatbread. If using canned pineapple tidbits, drain and pat dry with paper towel. Add pineapple tidbits to flatbread and sprinkle with remaining garlic powder.
  3. Bake 5-10 minutes, or until flatbread is light golden brown.
  4. Cool and cut flatbread. Serve with strawberries and mix chopped romaine lettuce and English cucumber slices for simple salad.


Chocolate Banana Cinnamon Toast

Recipe courtesy of Tabitha Brown
Prep time: 10-15 minutes
Yield: 2 pieces toast

  • 2          slices cinnamon raisin bread
  • 3          tablespoons Sabra Dark Chocolate Dessert Dip & Spread
  • 6          banana slices, plus additional for serving (optional)
  • 1/8       teaspoon cinnamon powder
  • 1          tablespoon maple syrup
  • fresh strawberries (optional)
  • powdered sugar
  1. Toast bread to desired doneness.
  2. Using spoon, swirl to spread 1 1/2 tablespoons chocolate spread on each slice of toast.
  3. Add banana slices to one slice of toast and sprinkle with cinnamon.
  4. Top with second slice of toast.
  5. Slice in half diagonally. Add to plate with extra sliced banana and fresh strawberries, if desired. Drizzle toast with maple syrup and sprinkle with powdered sugar.


The District Teleconference Information

Members of the public can listen in to the Webinar: On Thursday, December 3, at 7:30 a.m…..

The Northwestern Water and Sewer District
Board Meeting Teleconference Information

BOWLING GREEN, Ohio, – In response to safety guidance issued by the Ohio Department of Health, The Northwestern Water and Sewer District’s Board of Trustees meeting, scheduled for Thursday, December 3, at 7:30 a.m., will take place via teleconference call. 

Members of the public can listen in by following these instructions:  

Webinar: On Thursday, December 3, at 7:30 a.m., join the webinar by clicking this link: Password: 664391

Phone only: On Thursday, December 3, at 7:30 a.m., use your phone to dial: 1-301-715 -8592 
When prompted, use ID: 876 8469 6892 and Password: 664391.  

Note that public access is watch/listen-only.  Comments can be emailed to during and after the meeting.

Follow this AGENDA LINK for consideration.  

Due to the upcoming holiday season, The District’s Board of Trustees meetings will be held on the first and third Thursday’s during December. 

Follow @NWWSD on Twitter and Facebook for the latest information on how The District is working to provide safe, clean water. More information can be found at

Wood County Park District News for December

Recycle your fresh cut Christmas tree December 26 – January 31 at the Slippery Elm Trail in North Baltimore…..

We hope you are well and enjoying nature.
Parks are open daily 8:00 am until 30 minutes past sunset.
Activities & Adventures
Frozen Walk-Through Wildlife Safari
Monday, December 7 through
Sunday, December 20;
8:00 am – 30 minutes past sunset
Cedar Creeks Preserve
4575 Walbridge Rd, Northwood
Learn about Ohio animals of today and the past as you encounter them on this self-guided safari. Bundle up and head out anytime during the two-week period to search for them yourself. Signage will inform you about the animal replicas and help you navigate through the safari. No registration needed.
Wild Lights Weekend
Friday, January 8 through Sunday, January 10 from 5:00 – 8:00 pm.
Walk along the trail at W.W. Knight Nature Preserve to enjoy the lighted and decorated displays. No registration is needed.
Wild Lights
Wild Lights Workshop
Wednesday, January 6; 4:00-6:30 pm W.W. Knight Nature Preserve
29530 White Road, Perrysburg
Make the night BRIGHT with festive holiday lights! Register your group and bring your decorations to transform one of our life-sized 3D foam animals into a twinkling spectacle for all to see during the Wild Lights Weekend. The “most inspired” stations will win a cash prize donated by the Friends of the Wood County Parks!
Cash prizes:
1st: $100
2nd: $50
3rd: $25
Go Green
Follow us on social media for inspiration, tips, and tricks to participate in Earth-friendly practices. We can all be good stewards of the Earth.
Add your name to the pop-up snowshoeing program list. When there is enough snow and conditions are right, we’ll go for a hike.
Winter Herp Wednesday
Wednesday, December 9
7:00 – 8:00 pm
When the weather turns white and chilly, what do all our scaly neighbors do? Do they migrate, hibernate, or put on a sweater? We’ll learn these things and more as we meet a new animal ambassador each month throughout this series.
Depression-era Recipe Club
Saturday, December 12
1:00 – 2:00 pm
Cook the shared Depression-era recipe prior to the event, then join us online for a social hour to snack, share your experience with the recipe, and talk about what, if any, changes you would expect in a modern recipe. Recipe will be shared one week in advance, so registering early is recommended.
Heritage Holiday Kit
Saturday, December 12
1:00 – 3:00 pm
Carter Historic Farm
18331 Carter Rd, Bowling Green
Bring Carter Historic Farm’s Heritage Holiday Event to your home! This kit is fun for the whole family and includes 6 sugar cookies with frosting and sprinkles, two ornament crafts, 4 servings of hot chocolate and a packet that includes more activities and offers a glimpse into what the holidays looked like in the 1930s. Limit one kit per household.
The Geminid Meteor Shower
Saturday, December 12; 11:00 pm
Cricket Frog Cove
14810 Freyman Rd, Cygnet
The Geminids are considered one of the best meteor showers every year because the individual meteors are bright and they come fast and furious. Bring a thick blanket or reclining folding chair and appropriate clothing for an evening under the stars. This shower peaks around 2 am, but meteors will be visible during our time together. Cancelled if skies are cloudy. Masks are required for all participants age six and older and social distancing of 6-10 feet from other participants/family units will be observed.
Owl Hike
Thursday, December 17
6:30 – 7:30 pm
Cedar Creeks Preserve
4575 Walbridge Rd, Northwood
Join us on a night hike to look and listen for these elusive creatures. We’ll be looking and listening for screech and great horned owls, and listening to the calls of other species that are occasionally seen in our area. Masks are required for all participants age six and older and social distancing of 6-10 feet from other participants/family units will be observed.
Rudolph Christmas Bird Count
Saturday, December 19
7:30 – 5:00 pm
Bowling Green Area,
Rudolph Count Circle
Be a citizen scientist! Join the Wood County Parks and local birders to count wintering birds that provide a snapshot of bird species and populations in Wood County. Visit for more information. Birding expertise is not necessary. You will be paired with a group leader. You may depart at any time during the day. Masks are required for all participants age six and older and social distancing of 6-10 feet from other participants/family units will be observed. No carpooling will be allowed during the count.
Long Nights Full Moon Walk
Tuesday, December 29
6:30 – 8:00 pm
Cedar Creeks Preserve
4575 Walbridge Rd, Northwood
During this month the winter cold fastens its grip and nights are at their longest and darkest. Bundle up and enjoy the last full moon of 2020. Masks are required for all participants age six and older and social distancing of 6-10 feet from other participants/family units will be observed.
Bring your own water. We recommend a reusable water bottle.
In-person Program Guidelines:
Please do:
+ Register first at
+ Wear a mask to programs.
+ Bring a water bottle with you.
+ Be courteous to others.
+ Wash hands frequently.
+ Let us know if you cannot attend.
– Do not attend if you are feeling any Covid-19 symptoms, or have been exposed to someone with the virus, or you are caring for a sick person.
We respectfully ask that you wear a mask to programs. Thank you! Be well.
The Wood County Park District manages the grounds, while the Wood County Museum is the cultural entity that interprets and preserves our history. We are great community partners!
Wood County Museum
Membership and support information online, by calling 419-352-0967, or emailing friendly museum staff.
Christmas Tree Recycling
Recycle your fresh cut Christmas tree December 26 – January 31. If you need a pine tree for fish structure in a pond, feel free to take a tree.
Drop-off locations:
  • Park District Headquarters
  • W.W. Knight Nature Preserve
  • William Henry Harrison Park
  • Slippery Elm Trail in North Baltimore only
  • Otsego Park
*Remove all decorations!
Friends of the Parks
Commemorative Trail
Say it forever and leave a legacy with a Commemorative Trail Brick.
3 text lines on a 4 x 8″ brick = $100
5 text lines on an 8 x 8″ brick = $125

An Easy Way to Make Your Holiday Healthier

Many health-conscious consumers are interested in wholesome foods and products with less ingredients and natural sugars…

(Family Features) Planning your holiday menu? Dried cranberries are an ingredient found in many classic holiday recipes, but what you may not know is that they are packed with added sugars.

Photos courtesy of Getty Images

Raisins, on the other hand, are naturally sweet with 0 grams of added sugars, making them a healthy alternative that can help enhance the flavor and nutrition of your favorite holiday recipes.

Raisins fit seamlessly into many family-friendly recipes, like traditional oatmeal cookies, stuffing and sweet breads. They also make for easy salad, oatmeal and yogurt toppers, provide a naturally sweet fruit option on charcuterie boards and are a great standalone holiday snack.

Why is this important? Many health-conscious consumers are interested in wholesome foods and products with less ingredients and natural sugars, like those that occur in fruits, vegetables, grains and dairy products. Added sugars, however, refer to any sugars or caloric sweeteners that are added to foods during processing or preparation. Consumption of excessive added sugars may be associated with health consequences, such as obesity, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, fatty liver, dental caries and more, according to research published by the National Library of Medicine.

“Consumers are becoming more health conscious and trying to include more nutrient-dense options with less ingredients,” says Sarah Schlichter, a registered dietitian with a master’s in public health. “Yet, consumers often don’t recognize how added sugars throughout the day can quickly add up.”

The U.S. Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee’s 2020 Scientific Report, which sets the stage for the 2020-2025 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, has proposed an overall reduction in added sugars, recommending that added sugars comprise no more than 6% of the overall diet for adults and children ages 2 and older. This is a reduction from the previous recommendation of less than 10% of the overall diet, bringing further attention to the serious health risks of excessive sugar intake.

Understanding Natural Sugars vs. Added Sugars
Nutrition labels haven’t always distinguished between natural and added sugars, Schlichter said, but instead lumped them together under “total sugars.” However, the Food and Drug Administration’s Nutrition Facts label, which is currently being transitioned to, makes this easily discernible by clearly outlining how much of the total sugar content comes from added sugars.

“One key difference between natural and added sugars is that natural sugars usually complement other nutrients naturally found in a food or fruit, such as fiber, potassium, vitamin C or antioxidants, all of which confer several health benefits,” Schlichter said. “These complementary nutrients may also slow the rate of digestion, keeping blood sugar more stable. Conversely, added sugars are added in isolation and aren’t adding any nutrients to the product.”

To put this in perspective, 1/4 cup of dried sweetened cranberries contains 29 grams of sugar. Of those 29 grams of sugar, 27 grams are added sugars, meaning that most of the sugar is not found naturally in dried cranberries. While a 1/4-cup serving of raisins also contains 29 grams of sugar, the difference is that all 29 grams are naturally found in raisins and none are added. Raisins also naturally offer potassium, iron and fiber.

Making the Case for Raisins
To reduce added and total sugars, many products have been formulated using artificial sweeteners, such as sucralose, aspartame or other no-calorie sweeteners. No-calorie sweeteners are not free from health risks, however, and have been linked to weight gain, obesity, changes to the microbiome, decreased satiety and altered blood sugar levels, according to research published by the National Library of Medicine.

These products are not really any healthier, Schlichter said, noting there is still much unknown about artificial sweeteners and how they impact hormones, satiety and gut health. Because raisins have no added sugars, no artificial flavors and no unnecessary ingredients, Schlichter recommends swapping them for dried cranberries this holiday season.

Sarah Schlichter

Wood County Museum Auction




100% of the proceeds will benefit the Wood County Museum so that we can continue to offer award-winning exhibits and educational opportunities to you. While this isn’t the way we wanted to celebrate the Gala Fundraiser this year, we hope you will enjoy the virtual silent auction, and join us again in 2021!

Please consider purchasing a “non-event” ticket or making a donation to the Gala Fundraiser. Even the smallest donation of $10 helps get us closer to our goal of $15,000! To donate, click the green “donate” button in the top right corner on the auction website or visit


We’re hosting the perfect event for staying in. You won’t want to miss it! This is a great opportunity to do some Christmas shopping, and support your local museum!

2020 Virtual Gala Fundraiser
December 3-10, 2020
Here are a few of the many great items that we have for you to bid on!
  • Toy Package donated in support of Ben’s, Downtown Bowling Green, donated by: Chris & Jean Geist
  • $100 Gift Certificate, donated by: HandCrafted* Massage
  • Gift Package: Includes candle, ornament, & 4 tickets to RBH Library & Museums, donated by Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Library & Museums
  • 2 Dried Lavender Bundles & 2 Passes to a 2021 U-Pick Lavender at Luckey Road Lavender Co. donated by Luckey Road Lavender Co.

Your support ensures the longevity and success of YOUR award-winning local history museum. Please help us reach our goal to raise $15,000 by becoming an event sponsor, purchasing a non-event ticket, and by participating in the auction.

Turning a weed into a profit-yielding crop

Some pennycress varieties can yield 65 gallons of oil per acre, which can be converted into jet fuel…….

COLUMBUS, Ohio—People who garden may know about pennycress. 

It’s also called “stinkweed” for the odor it gives off when it’s crushed.

Pennycress–aka “Stinkweed”


Unlike most weeds, pennycress seeds contain a lot of oil, and that oil can be turned into fuel for jets or diesel trucks and cars. 

Two researchers at The Ohio State University College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences (CFAES) just began a study to create the most resilient, high-yielding varieties of pennycress for farmers to grow. 

Planted in late fall and harvested in spring, pennycress could offer dual benefits to farmers. It could protect their fields from erosion in fall and winter. And it could lead to extra money in spring when harvested and sold.

“It’s been said that weeds are just plants out of place. So, if pennycress proves to be desirable to have around, it may lose its identity as a weed,” said Alex Lindsey, one of the two CFAES researchers involved in the study. 

Through a grant from the U.S. Department of Energy, Lindsey and Andrea Gschwend, also an assistant professor in CFAES, will improve the genetic makeup of pennycress to develop pennycress varieties that can endure drought and flood conditions.

During winter, pennycress will need to survive with little to no water when the ground is frozen, and a lot of water during spring rainstorms. 

“The appeal of this is a farmer would be able to add a crop to their field rotation,” Gschwend said. “They can harvest pennycress and then plant soy and corn on those same fields. It shouldn’t compete.”

The study Gschwend and Lindsey are doing is funded by a $13 million grant divided up among nine institutions, including Ohio State. 

Some pennycress varieties can yield 65 gallons of oil per acre, which can be converted into jet fuel. Pennycress is among many other plants, including corn, that can undergo fermentation and then be used to produce fuel.

Besides being able to convert pennycress into fuel, ground-up pennycress seed can be eaten by animals as well as people. Since pennycress contains erucic acid and other ingredients that can make it hard for animals and people to digest, the seed has been genetically modified to reduce those ingredients. 

“There are efforts to get rid of those and other weedy traits to make pennycress more desirable in the field,” Gschwend said. 

(CFAES researchers are working on the pennycress study along with Illinois State University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, the University of Minnesota, the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory EMSL, Western Illinois University, and Washington State University.)