Latta Introduces Legislation to Define Navigable Waters

Legislation Codifies Trump Era WOTUS Rule

 

 Legislation Codifies Trump Era WOTUS Rule

 WASHINGTON, D.C. – Today, Congressman Bob Latta (R-OH5) introduced the Withstanding Attempts to Encroach on our Resources (WATER) Act. The legislation would amend the Federal Water Pollution Control Act and define the term Waters of the United States (WOTUS).

“In 2015, the Obama Administration’s Corps of Engineers and Environmental Protection Agency revised regulations defining the scope of waters protected and regulated under the Clean Water Act,” said Latta. “This significantly expanded Federal jurisdiction over virtually all waters and wet areas in the United States. This decision, known as the 2015 WOTUS rule, infringes on the rights of property owners, particularly in agricultural communities. Landowners, farmers, home builders, and construction companies would have to use limited resources to apply for costly, time-consuming permits for ponds, ditches, or puddles, which they may not even be able to obtain. The rule is an alarming regulatory overreach of the executive branch into policy that should be addressed by Congress through the legislative process. I am proud to introduce the WATER Act because we need to codify and better define the definition of WOTUS and give back the rights to property owners.”

Congressman David B. McKinley, P.E., Republican Leader of the House Energy and Commerce Environment Subcommittee, is an original cosponsor of the WATER Act.

“In 2020, the Trump Administration thankfully put an end to the Obama-era ‘Waters of the U.S.’ rule, which extended the federal government’s reach to regulate waters on private lands,” said McKinley. “Codifying the rule will help farmers and businesses operate without fearing overreach of the federal regulators. In so doing they can help us support the economy and build out critical infrastructure projects.” 

The Obama Administration’s WOTUS rule significantly expands the scope and jurisdiction of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and Army Corp of Engineers to include the majority of all waters and wet areas in the United States.

On June 22, 2020, the EPA and Army Corps of Engineers under the Trump Administration revisited the 2015 WOTUS rule and finalized a revised definition of WOTUS through their Navigable Waters Protection Rule to address legal, economic, and jurisdictional concerns surrounding the previous definition. 

This legislation would codify the definition of WOTUS as revised under the June 22, 2020 Navigable Waters Protection Rule.  By codifying the rule, this will ensure that any future efforts to expand the definition of WOTUS that will infringe on the rights of our constituents will need to be considered in Congress.

Want to go green?

These 3 energy choices have big impact…

(BPT) – This Earth Day, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is celebrating climate action, partnering with companies and organizations that are leading the way to a clean energy future and a healthier planet by investing in energy efficiency with ENERGY STAR and green power with the Green Power Partnership. Companies that partner with EPA through these programs make investments that are good for their bottom line and good for the communities they serve. Earth Day is the ideal time to follow their example and join the celebration by exploring ways you and your family can make a difference.

Purchasing renewable energy, choosing ENERGY STAR certified products, or driving an electric vehicle (EV) are three ways you can make smart energy choices that help the environment. Learn more at energystar.gov/earthday.

1. Tap into green power

Green power has never been more available with options expanding every day. Wind power provides the largest renewable generation capacity in the United States today, creating enough electricity to offset the energy consumption of 29.5 million average American homes. There is currently enough solar power installed in the U.S. to power over 12 million average American homes.

Because green power has become increasingly accessible nationwide, many homeowners can now make the choice to switch to renewable, sustainable energy sources. Interested in tapping into green power for your home? Research local green power options or contact your utility provider directly. Even if nothing is available, you will have taken an important step in voicing your interest in future options, which supports investment in expansion.

2. Choose energy efficiency

The typical household spends nearly $1,900 each year on energy bills. Products that earn the ENERGY STAR label are independently certified to save energy. A home outfitted with these products can save 24% or about $450 on household energy bills. Plus, you will avoid more than 4,100 pounds of carbon pollution.

ENERGY STAR certified products include not only kitchen and laundry appliances, water heaters and HVAC systems, but also doors and windows, consumer electronics, ceiling fans and light bulbs. You can search for certified products at energystar.gov/productfinder and purchase many online or at local retail stores.

3. Explore electric cars

In the market for a new vehicle? An electric vehicle is Mother Nature approved. Thanks to technological advances, the number of plug-in EVs on the road in the United States is rapidly increasing — as are charging stations nationwide. Fully electric cars produce no tailpipe emissions, plus for every mile driven, the average cost to drive an EV is typically less than half the cost of driving a standard gasoline vehicle.

In addition to saving on fuel, fully electric vehicles also have fewer moving parts, so typically require less maintenance — and no emissions testing. All-electric vehicle driving ranges are increasing, with some models able to drive over 300 miles on a single charge. Depending on your driving needs, you may be able to rely completely on plugging in only at home. And when you do plug in at home, make sure you have an ENERGY STAR certified electric vehicle charger for even more cost savings and environmental benefit.

What you do now will impact the wellness of the planet for generations to come. Make your energy choices count this Earth Day and every day.

 

Info for calling in to Village Council Meeting

Tuesday, 4/20/2021, beginning at 5:30pm :Listen remotely by phone: PLEASE MUTE PHONE…..

In consideration of Social Distancing and Public Gathering Directives issued by

Governor DeWine and the Department of Public Health Director, this meeting is

available by conference call to the public for remote listening (please mute phones).

 To listen remotely:   call 1-844-621-3956

        When prompted for meeting “number”, enter 187 825 1209

              When prompted for meeting “password”, enter 12456

 VILLAGE OF NORTH BALTIMORE REGULAR COUNCIL MEETING

at VILLAGE FIRE TRAINING ROOM

Tuesday, April 20, 2021    5:30 PM

 AGENDA

  1. Pledge of Allegiance

 Roll Call

      III.     Approval of the Minutes

 Letters and Communication

  • Report on the Proposed Quarry Road/Mitchell Road/W. Broadway Street Reconstruction Project by Mr. Rex Huffman with the Wood County Port Authority
  1. Administrative Reports

`Finance Officer:    report submitted

EMS Chief:           report submitted

Fire Chief:             report submitted

Police Chief:         report submitted

Utility Director:    report submitted

DPW Superintendent:       report submitted

Village Administrator:      report submitted

Clerk:                                    First Readings:        

                                                Second Readings:   Resolution 06 – 2021

                                                                                        Resolution 07 – 2021

                                                Third Readings:      Resolution 05 – 2021

                                                                                       Resolution 02 – 2021   “Tabled

 Appointed Legal Counsel:

Mayor:        Copy of the 2021 Village Newsletter is attached

  1. Standing Committees

         Economic and Community Development

Public Safety

      Personnel, Policy and Ordinance Review

      Public Works                    

      Public Utilities

      Finance and Technology

VII.   New Legislation, Resolutions, Motions or Business

VIII.  Second Reading of Ordinances and Resolutions

 RESOLUTION 06 – 2021      A RESOLUTION AUTHORIZING THE VILLAGE ADMINISTRATOR TO ENTER INTO AN AGREEMENT WITH MORLOCK ASPHALT LTD. FOR THE PURPOSE OF PROVIDING CONSTRUCTION SERVICES FOR THE 2021 STREET AND ALLEY RESURFACING PROJECT AT A COST NOT TO EXCEED $80,198

RESOLUTION 07 – 2021     A RESOLUTION AUTHORIZING THE VILLAGE ADMINISTRATOR TO DIRECT THE PURCHASE AND INSTALLATION OF A STAINLESS-STEEL GAS LINE REPLACEMENT FOR A SLUDGE HOLDING TANK AT THE SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT AT A COST NOT TO EXCEED $5,200.00

  Third Reading of Ordinances and Resolutions

RESOLUTION 05 – 2021   A RESOLUTION ADOPTING REVISIONS TO THE VILLAGE PERSONNEL POLICY AND PROCEDURES MANUAL SPECIFIC TO THE FAMILY MEDICAL LEAVE ACT (FMLA)

RESOLUTION 02-2021    A RESOLUTION ESTABLISHING AN AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE VILLAGE OF NORTH BALTIMORE, OHIO AND THE HENRY TOWNSHIP BOARD OF TRUSTEES WITH REGARD TO EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES     “TABLED

  1.       Other New Business

      Other Old Business

      XII.      Payment of the Bills

      XIII.    Adjournment

Wildlife Gardening: Create A Refuge For Birds, Bees, And Other Creatures

Attract an assortment of wildlife with a low-maintenance haven they can call home……

 These tips will help you get your wildlife garden started!

 

The best wildlife gardens offer animals such as butterflies, bees, bats, birds, and amphibians a sense of security, a safe place to take shelter, birth and raise their young, and feed. It sounds like a lot to provide, but it’s easy to do! Our tips will help you create a low-maintenance haven for your wildlife visitors you can enjoy for years to come.

American Goldfinch - Songbirds

Before you get started planning (and planting) your wildlife garden, you’ll need to decide which types of wildlife you’d like to bring to your landscape. Do you want to welcome them all, or just a certain type of songbird, for example? As every animal has different needs, the plant selections and the design you choose will reflect your decision.

What To Plant To Attract Hummingbirds
Invite These Songbirds To Your Yard

2. Plant in Layers

Think of how a forest looks. Near the ground, you’ll find the groundcovers: small perennial fruits and flowers, and sometimes creeping vines. Shrubs are the next layer, then small trees. Large trees tower over everything. For wildlife to feel comfortable and make your garden a source of food and a place to live and reproduce, you’ll need to mimic these layers.

3. Design An All-Season Garden

Three hummingbirds hovering over a flower

This may not seem as important in cool climates, where insects and some other types of animals are not active in the winter, but there are many bird species that will benefit from the persistent seeds and berries left on shrubs, grasses, and herbaceous perennial flowers. Be sure to plant a wide range of plants that bloom, produce fruit, and provide cover through all seasons.

4. Keep Your Lawn to a Minimum

Backyard wildflower garden with bench
Keep an area of your lawn overgrown for diverse pollinators.

For many gardeners, it is appealing to maintain a carefully-mowed lawn near their homes and driveways. While turfgrass isn’t diverse enough to be wildlife-friendly, it can still have its place, so if you need a manicured lawn, all is not lost. Bear in mind, however, that wildlife gardens are pesticide-free—this may impact your decision to maintain a lawn, unless it is grown using organic methods. You can keep a small area “overgrown.” Wildlife garden spaces can fill a portion or all the rest of the existing land.

5. Use Native Plants Whenever Possible

bumble bee on raspberry bush
Bumblebees enjoy raspberry bushes and would make a great addition to your wildlife garden.

Grow what is best for your particular region. To do this, it is best to source seed and plants from your own geographical area. What is native in one part of the United States isn’t necessarily in another. Climate will also play a huge role in your choices.

A diverse selection of plant species is the key to success with wildlife gardens. Some wildlife-friendly plants to consider for your garden are:

  • Raspberry
  • Blueberry
  • Elderberry
  • Dogwood
  • Viburnum
  • Snowberry
  • Buckeye
  • Hazel
  • Hickory
  • Oregon grape
  • Little bluestem grass
  • Columbine
  • Anise hyssop
  • Four o’clock
  • Phlox
  • Borage
  • Oregano

Don’t forget that even if you live in the city, you can grow plants in containers to attract bees, butterflies, and birds.

6. Have a Source of Water Ready

Even shallow dishes containing a few smooth stones in the middle for butterflies and bees to land on are helpful if there aren’t any ponds nearby. Birdbaths are special treats for your feathered friends – and it is fun to watch them use them!

7. Add a Few Special Touches

Two Eastern bluebirds sit on a nesting box
Nesting boxes are always welcome.

Nesting boxes for birds that are cavity nesters (birds that use holes in trees) such as woodpeckers, owls, chickadees, and nuthatches, are very welcome. Bat houses for bats to take shelter in during the day are easy to construct and valuable to the winged mammals.

8. Check Local Ordinances

Before siting your wildlife garden, ensure there are no ordinances in your community regarding this style of garden. Wildlife garden landscapes are largely unmaintained, left to the natural processes of weather and time (although a bit of tidying and pruning should be performed when required). That may be frowned upon by both your neighbors and the lawmakers in your community. Inquire before you start work to save grief later.

Over time, your wildlife garden will mature and become even more of a haven to the animals who call it home. With suitable plant selections and proper siting, a wildlife garden is a low-maintenance landscape that will be sustainable long in to the future. Enjoy the animal encounters you will share!

Source: Farmers Almanac
 
SN

Sheryl Normandeau, BA, is a Master Gardener and writer from Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Her articles and short stories have appeared in several international publications. She is the co-author (with Janet Melrose) of the Guides for the Prairie Gardener series.

(UPDATED) HANCOCK COUNTY: Highway construction update

Update: The date for the Interstate 75 lane overnight lane closures has changed due to concerns in the weather report.

 

(UPDATED) HANCOCK COUNTY: Highway construction update

Week of April 19, 2021

LIMA, Ohio (Thursday, April 15, 2021) The following construction projects are anticipated to affect highways in Hancock County next week. All outlined work is weather permitting.


Update: The date for the Interstate 75 lane overnight lane closures has changed due to concerns in the weather report. As shown in bold type-face below, the lanes will now close overnight Thursday, April 22, into Friday morning.

I-75 web 

INTERSTATE 75 PROJECTS

Interstate 75 southbound entrance ramp from Lima Ave will close on April 27 for approximately one week for a culvert replacement.

TRAFFIC IMPACTS

  • Detour: I-75 northbound to SR 15 back to I-75 southbound.

Interstate 75 northbound, on the southern end of the city of Findlay, will have overnight lane restrictions in the two right lanes for bridge maintenance. The left lane will remain open. The work zone will begin south of the U.S. 68 interchange and extend to just past the U.S. 68 fly over ramp. The lane closures will begin on Thursday, April 22 at 7 p.m. and extend until 7 a.m. on Friday.


State Route 235/Park Drive and State Route 613/Main Street in the village of McComb will have intermittent closures for storm sewer installation. Work will take place from the intersection, west to the railroad crossing.  

TRAFFIC IMPACTS:

Expect intermittent road closures of E. Main Street, west of Park Drive, Park Drive, from Main Street to Bond-Preble Street, Cora Street, and the alley between S. Park Drive and Todd Street through April 16.

  • SR 235 detour: U.S. 224 to I-75, to SR 18, back to SR 235 (see map).
  • SR 613 detour: I-75 to U.S. 224, to SR 65 back to SR 613 (see map).

OHGO.com logo

Know Before You Go!

For more detailed traffic information, and to get personalized traffic alerts for your commute, download the OHGO app or visit OHGO.com.

New Pharmacy at BVHS

BVHS Announces the Construction of a
New Inpatient and Community Pharmacy….

 The Blanchard Valley Hospital (BVH) inpatient pharmacy, along with the Center for Medication Management, the outpatient pharmacy for our community members, are currently under construction. They are being moved to a more convenient location within BVH, located at 1900 South Main Street in Findlay, on the main floor adjacent to the Healing Grounds coffee shop. The innovative project will offer more convenience to customers as well as additional services.

“This project aligns with our mission of ‘Caring for a lifetime.’ We strive to bring the very best service and quality to our community, and the new state-of-the-art pharmacy will keep the program strong long into the future,” said Myron D. Lewis, president and chief executive officer of BVHS.

BVHS associates also had the opportunity to provide input into the development of the layout and design of the pharmacy. The team, comprised of subject matter experts from across the health system, used a mock 3D layout to evaluate workflow and processes.

“This has been part of our long-term space planning efforts,” shared Ryan Shoemaker, the director of facility and support services. “Patients will begin to see the construction mobilize on-site and the new pharmacy should be operational by fall.”

Another part of the innovative project will be sizeable sterile compounding rooms for hazardous and non-hazardous medications. As regulations for pharmacies have changed, the way medications need to be handled have also changed. The new compounding rooms will allow for best practices.

“We look forward to the opportunities the new pharmacy will bring to BVHS,” concluded Mark Johannigman, the director of pharmacy. “We hope this new venture will improve quality and service for both associates and patients when they visit the Center for Medication Management and BVH inpatient pharmacy.”

For more information, please call 419.429.7002 or visit bvhealthsystem.org.

Village Council Minutes from 4/16/21

Official record of the meeting from the Village Clerk……

VILLAGE OF NORTH BALTIMORE

COUNCIL MEETING

March 16, 2021

MINUTES

 I.             Pledge of Allegiance

 

Mayor Goldner called the meeting to order at 5:30 PM and led the Pledge of Allegiance.

II.          Roll Call:

 Mayor Janet Goldner-Here, Bill Cook-Here, Tim Engard- Here, Mike Julien -Absent, Aaron Patterson-Here, Mike Soltis- Here, Leisa Zeigler-Absent

Mr. Patterson made a motion to excuse Mr. Julien and Ms. Zeigler.  Second by Mr. Mr. Engard.  All approved.

III.       Approval of the Minutes:

Mr. Julien arrived.

Motion by Mr. Cook to approve the minutes of the March 2 meeting.  Second by Mr. Engard.  All approved.

Motion by Mr. Julien to move item VIII to VI. Second by Mr. Cook. All approved.

IV.     Public Participation: none due to COVID

 

  1. Letters and Communications: Soltis informed council that the government approved funds for the library to be fixed up.

    Administrative Reports:

 Finance Officer:  info in packet; Mayor Goldner read Mr. Swartz’s letter: we balanced for the month; agreement; list of bills. Mr. Patterson wanted the Resolution “tabled”; reminder of a finance meeting on the 23rd.

             EMS Chief:

Fire Chief:                   nothing

Police Chief:

Utility Director: Need to talk to Mr. Roberts about waterlines where the new road will be laid; meeting tomorrow, Doug already knows, will talk about it then; alternate list would be a good idea

DPW Superintendent: nothing

Village Administrator:  UV-concrete poured; MISC-2 zoning permits; CSX-in communication with them; RTE 18-ODOT meeting about concerns; ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT- Mr. Dickerson has two potential developers

Clerk:  nothing

Appointed Legal counsel:    nothing

Mayor:   nothing

  • New Legislation, Resolutions, Motions or Business

Mr. Patterson made a motion to read Resolution 03-2021 for its first reading and suspend the 2nd and 3rd reading. Second by Mr. Julien.

Resolution 03-2021 read by number and title only by the mayor.

RESOLUTION 03-2021    A RESOLUTION AUTHORIZING THE VILLAGE ADMINISTRATOR TO ADVERTISE FOR BIDS FOR THE FURNISHING OF NECESSARY MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTION OF AN ELEVATED WATER TOWER ON EAST WATER STREET AND THE INSTALLATION OF APPROXIMATELY 2,100 LINEAL FEET OF WATERLINE AND TO DECLARE AN EMERGENCY

Mr. Patterson made a motion to adopt as an emergency. Second by Mr. Cook. All approved.

Mr. Patterson made a motion to read Resolution 04-2021 for its first reading. Second by Mr. Engard.

Resolution 04-2021 read by number and title only by the mayor.

RESOLUTION 04-2021   A RESOLUTION AUTJORIZING THE VILLAGE ADMINISTRATOR TO ADVERTISE A REQUEST FOR QUALIFICATIONS FROM QUALIFIED COSULTANTS TO PROVIDE PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERING DESIGN SERVICES SPECIFIC TO THE REPLACEMENT OF WATER MAINS

Mr. Patterson made a motion to read Resolution 05-2021 by number and title only for its first reading. Second by Mr. Cook.

Resolution 05-2021 read by number and title only by the mayor.

RESOLUTION 05-2021   A RESOLUTION ADOPTING REVISIONS TO THE VILLAGE PERSONNEL POLICY AND PROCEDURES MANUAL SPECIFIC TO THE FAMILY MEDICAL LEAVE ACT (FMLA)

Mr. Engard made a motion to read Ordinance 2021-10 for its first reading and to suspend the 2nd and 3rd reading. Second by Mr. Patterson.  All approved.

Ordinance 2021-10 read by number and title only by the mayor.

ORDINANCE 2021-10   AN ORDINANCE ADOPTING REVISIONS TO THE WHOLESALE WATER SUPPLY CONTRACT BETWEEN THE VILLAGE OF NORTH BALTIMORE, OHIO AND THE NORTHWESTERN WATER AND SEWER DISTRICT AND TO DECLARE AND EMERGENCY

Mr. Patterson made a motion to adopt as an emergency. Second by Mr. Engard. All approved.

  • Standing Committees:

  Economic and Community Development (Ms. Zeigler) nothing

Public Safety (Mr. Soltis)  nothing

Personnel, Policy and Ordinance Review (Mr. Julien)
 -set up a Code Enforcement meeting with Mr. Soltis, Mr. Julien, Chief Lafferty
-Public Meeting- funding generated from the last 5 yrs

Public Works (Mr. Cook)   handout: road improvement , get public input; property values, trees down, truck route? Poggemeyer already hired.

 Public Utilities (Mr. Patterson) nothing

Finance and Technology (Mr. Engard) meeting on the 23rd at 4:30 at the Firehall

IX.             Second Reading of Ordinances and Resolutions

Mr. Soltis made a motion to read Ordinance 2021-09 by number and title only for its second reading. Second by Mr. Patterson.

Ordinance 2021-09 read by number and title only the mayor.

ORDINANCE 2021-09   AN ORDINANCE AMENDING SECTIONS 913.05(a)(2), 913.05(d)(1), 913.05(d)(4) and 913.05(d)(4) OF THE CODIFIED ORDINANCES OF THE VILLAGE OF NORTH BALTIMORE TO MODIFY CONDITIONS SPECIFIC TO THE ALLOWANCE OF WATER LINE EXTENSIONS IN THE VILLAGE

 Third Reading of Ordinances and Resolutions

            (TABLED)

 Mr. Patterson made a motion to table Resolution 02-2021. Second by Mr. Cook. All approved.

 RESOLUTIONS 02-2021   A RESOLUTION ESTABLISHING AN AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE VILLAGE OF NORTH BALTIMORE OHIO AND THE HENRY TOWNSHIP BOARD OF TRUSTEES WITH REGARD TO EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES.

XIII.       Executive Session

Mr. Patterson made a motion to enter into executive session at 6:30 PM for 121.22 G1 to consider the appointment, employment, dismissal, promotion, demotion or compensation of a regulated individual.  Second by Mr. Engard.  All approved

 Return to Regular Session

at 6:52 PM.

 Other New Business

Mr. Soltis will be gone for three weeks in April

  XII.    Other Old Business

            Nothing

 Payment of the Bills

Mr. Patterson made a motion to pay the bills totaling $ 324,329.01.  Second by Mr. Engard.  All approved.

 

  • Adjournment

Mr. Patterson made a motion to adjourn at 6:53 PM.  Second by Mr. Julien.  All approved.

submitted by  Kathi R. Bucher, Clerk 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    

 

 

Our Goal Has Been Met!

New Christmas Lights for 2021…

The North Baltimore Downtown Christmas Light Committee is pleased to announce the $10,0000 goal has been met! The Committee would like to thank the following donors:

                            Hancock Wood Electric Cooperative

                            National Beef

                           North Baltimore Friends of the Library

                            HPJ Industries, Inc.

                            North Baltimore Lions Club

                            Millstream Area Credit Union

                            HAHNCO, INC.

                            Briar Hill

                            Smith-Crates Funeral Home

                            D.S. Brown

                            North Baltimore Rotary Club

                            Mak & Ali’s Pizza

                            Poggemeyer Design Group, Inc.

                            The NBXpress.com

                            Savko & Sons

                            Mayor Janet Goldner

                            Clouse Construction

                            North Baltimore Historical Society

            

Additional Donations can still be made to the

NBACC Foundation at P.O. Box 284, North Baltimore, OH 45872.

Additional donations will be used for other decoration items.

Editor’s Note: A special thank you to Holly Emahiser Ryder for chairing this project. Your caring spirit and dedication to all things for the betterment of this community is noticed and appreciated by many!

Softball: NB vs. LB

Tiger Varsity Overall Record 7-4, BVC Record 3-1

by Suzanne Bucher

7 – Liberty-Benton

11 – N Baltimore

 

WP – A Loera (NB) (6-4)

LP – Benschoter (LB)

Varsity Overall Record 7-4, BVC Record 3-1

Upcoming Varsity Softball Games

Thur 4/15 Hardin-Northern (Home), 5pm

Sat 4/17 @ Ayersville Tournament, 9am

Mon 4/19 @ Riverdale, 5pm

 

The whitest paint is here – and it’s the coolest. Literally.

New paint formulation could help buildings rely less on air conditioning

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. — In an effort to curb global warming, Purdue University engineers have created the whitest paint yet. Coating buildings with this paint may one day cool them off enough to reduce the need for air conditioning, the researchers say.

 

Xiulin Ruan, a Purdue University professor of mechanical engineering, holds up his lab’s sample of the whitest paint on record. (Purdue University/Jared Pike) 


New paint formulation could help buildings rely less on air conditioning

In October, the team created an ultra-white paint that pushed limits on how white paint can be. Now they’ve outdone that. The newer paint not only is whiter but also can keep surfaces cooler than the formulation that the researchers had previously demonstrated.

“If you were to use this paint to cover a roof area of about 1,000 square feet, we estimate that you could get a cooling power of 10 kilowatts. That’s more powerful than the central air conditioners used by most houses,” said Xiulin Ruan, a Purdue professor of mechanical engineering.

white-paint

An infrared camera shows how a sample of the whitest white paint (the dark purple square in the middle) actually cools the board below ambient temperature, something that not even commercial “heat rejecting” paints do. (Purdue University/Joseph Peoples) 

The researchers believe that this white may be the closest equivalent of the blackest black, “Vantablack,” which absorbs up to 99.9% of visible light. The new whitest paint formulation reflects up to 98.1% of sunlight – compared with the 95.5% of sunlight reflected by the researchers’ previous ultra-white paint – and sends infrared heat away from a surface at the same time.

Typical commercial white paint gets warmer rather than cooler. Paints on the market that are designed to reject heat reflect only 80%-90% of sunlight and can’t make surfaces cooler than their surroundings.

The team’s research paper showing how the paint works publishes Thursday (April 15) as the cover of the journal ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces.

What makes the whitest paint so white

Two features give the paint its extreme whiteness. One is the paint’s very high concentration of a chemical compound called barium sulfate, which is also used to make photo paper and cosmetics white.

“We looked at various commercial products, basically anything that’s white,” said Xiangyu Li, a postdoctoral researcher at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, who worked on this project as a Purdue Ph.D. student in Ruan’s lab. “We found that using barium sulfate, you can theoretically make things really, really reflective, which means that they’re really, really white.”

The second feature is that the barium sulfate particles are all different sizes in the paint. How much each particle scatters light depends on its size, so a wider range of particle sizes allows the paint to scatter more of the light spectrum from the sun.

“A high concentration of particles that are also different sizes gives the paint the broadest spectral scattering, which contributes to the highest reflectance,” said Joseph Peoples, a Purdue Ph.D. student in mechanical engineering.

There is a little bit of room to make the paint whiter, but not much without compromising the paint.

“Although a higher particle concentration is better for making something white, you can’t increase the concentration too much. The higher the concentration, the easier it is for the paint to break or peel off,” Li said.

How the whitest paint is also the coolest

The paint’s whiteness also means that the paint is the coolest on record. Using high-accuracy temperature reading equipment called thermocouples, the researchers demonstrated outdoors that the paint can keep surfaces 19 degrees Fahrenheit cooler than their ambient surroundings at night. It can also cool surfaces 8 degrees Fahrenheit below their surroundings under strong sunlight during noon hours.

The paint’s solar reflectance is so effective, it even worked in the middle of winter. During an outdoor test with an ambient temperature of 43 degrees Fahrenheit, the paint still managed to lower the sample temperature by 18 degrees Fahrenheit.

This white paint is the result of six years of research building on attempts going back to the 1970s to develop radiative cooling paint as a feasible alternative to traditional air conditioners.

Ruan’s lab had considered over 100 different materials, narrowed them down to 10 and tested about 50 different formulations for each material. Their previous ultra-white paint was a formulation made of calcium carbonate, an earth-abundant compound commonly found in rocks and seashells.

The researchers showed in their study that like commercial paint, their barium sulfate-based paint can potentially handle outdoor conditions. The technique that the researchers used to create the paint also is compatible with the commercial paint fabrication process.

Patent applications for this paint formulation have been filed through the Purdue Research Foundation Office of Technology Commercialization. This research was supported by the Cooling Technologies Research Center at Purdue University and the Air Force Office of Scientific Research through the Defense University Research Instrumentation Program (Grant No.427 FA9550-17-1-0368). The research was performed at Purdue’s FLEX Lab and Ray W. Herrick Laboratories and the Birck Nanotechnology Center of Purdue’s Discovery Park.

About Discovery Park

Discovery Park is a place where Purdue researchers move beyond traditional boundaries, collaborating across disciplines and with policymakers and business leaders to create solutions for a better world. Grand challenges of global health, global conflict and security, and those that lie at the nexus of sustainable energy, world food supply, water and the environment are the focus of researchers in Discovery Park. The translation of discovery to impact is integrated into the fabric of Discovery Park through entrepreneurship programs and partnerships.

About Purdue University

Purdue University is a top public research institution developing practical solutions to today’s toughest challenges. Ranked the No. 5 Most Innovative University in the United States by U.S. News & World Report, Purdue delivers world-changing research and out-of-this-world discovery. Committed to hands-on and online, real-world learning, Purdue offers a transformative education to all. Committed to affordability and accessibility, Purdue has frozen tuition and most fees at 2012-13 levels, enabling more students than ever to graduate debt-free. See how Purdue never stops in the persistent pursuit of the next giant leap at https://purdue.edu/.

Van Buren @ North Baltimore – 4/5/2021

N Baltimore defeats Van Buren in extra innings………..

High School Varsity Baseball Results, by Suzanne Bucher

 Van Buren                 1-0-0-0-0-1-5-1  – 8  6  2

North Baltimore        1-0-0-3-0-3-0-2  – 9 10 3

WP (NB) – Mitch Clark, 1-1

LP  (VB) – Durliat

NB Top Hitters

Gunner Kepling 2B, 1B

Zach Weinandy 3B, 1B

Mitch Clark 1B

Logan Keller 1B

Wyatt Baltz 1B

Varsity Overall Record 2-1, BVC Record 2-0

Upcoming Baseball Games

Wed 4/14 Liberty-Benton (Home), 5pm

Thur 4/15 Hardin-Northern (Home), 5pm