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Ohio “Open Burning” Regulations Apply to NB

The following rules apply to all North Baltimore residents, as well as all townships and all counties in the State of Ohio. Local rules can not be less strict than state rules!

For Open Burning in your yard for barbecues, campfires and cookouts, the wood stack can be no larger than 2 ft. high x 3 ft. wide.

Land-clearing waste – NOT permitted in village limits.

Residential waste Not permitted in city limits.

Burn Barrels were restricted many years ago in NB and are not allowed for burning household trash or food materials!

Why is open burning a problem?

Open burning can release many kinds of toxic fumes. Leaves and plant materials send aloft millions of spores when they catch fire, causing many people with allergies to have difficulty breathing.

The pollutants released by open burning also make it more difficult to meet health-based air quality standards, especially in or near large cities. The gases released by open burning can also corrode metal siding and damage paint on buildings.

What open burning is never allowed?

Under Ohio law, these materials may not be burned anywhere in the state at any time:

• garbage—any wastes created in the process of handling, preparing, cooking or consuming food;

• materials containing rubber, grease and asphalt or made from petroleum, such as tires, cars and auto parts, plastics or plastic coated wire; and

• dead animals—unless approved for control of disease by a governing agency.

Other restrictions:

• Open burning is not allowed when air pollution warnings, alerts or emergencies are in effect.
• Fires cannot obscure visibility for roadways, railroad tracks or air fields.
• No wastes generated off the premises may be burned. For example, a tree trimming contractor may not haul branches and limbs to another site to burn.

Does Ohio EPA ever allow exceptions to the rules? 

Under certain circumstances, yes. However, to burn a prohibited material or set a fire in a restricted area, you must receive written permission from Ohio EPA before you begin burning. This may take two weeks.

Can a community regulate open burning?

Yes. However, local ordinances cannot be less strict than the state law.

What happens if I’m caught illegally open burning? 

Ohio EPA has the authority to enforce the state’s open burning laws. violations can result in substantial penalties. If you have any questions,
or would like to report a suspected open burning incident, contact your Ohio EPA district office or your local air pollution control agency. See the map in this brochure for the agency to contact in your area.

Health Concerns

Burning household waste produces many toxic chemicals and is one of the largest known sources of dioxin in the nation. Other air pollutants from open burning include particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, lead and mercury.
These pollutants have been linked to several health problems, including asthma, respiratory illnesses, nervous system damage, kidney and liver damage, and reproductive or developmental disorders.

Open Burning Regulations (pdf)

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